Human Physiology Quiz: CHAPTER 14 (Digestive System)
Human Physiology Quiz 14Digestive System
You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.
Your performance has been rated as
Your answers are highlighted below.
Inner circular and outer longitudinal layers are characteristic of the ___________ layer of the digestive tract.
Question 1 Explanation:
The lamina propria is a thin connective tissue that is found in the mucosa layer, the muscularis mucosa is a thin smooth muscle in the mucosa layer, and the submucosa is another layer of the GI tract containing glands, nerves, and blood vessels.
Urine and feces get their characteristic colors from which of the following pigments?
Question 2 Explanation:
Free bilirubin cannot be filtered at the kidneys, conjugated bilirubin is secreted into bile, and bile salts are a component of bile.
Most of the digestive system receives its parasympathetic innervation from the _________.
thoracic spinal nerves
lumbar spinal nerves
sacral spinal nerves
Question 3 Explanation:
The vagus nerve is the source of parasympathetic activity in the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, small intestine, and upper portion of the large intestine.
The HCl in the stomach serves to perform all of the following except
activate the enzyme pepsinogen.
break peptide bonds in proteins.
denature proteins in food.
provide optimum pH for pepsin.
A high rate of red blood cell destruction, with elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood, causes _____________________.
Question 5 Explanation:
Since free bilirubin is derived from heme, jaundice associated with high blood levels of free bilirubin is usually caused by an excessively high rate of red blood cell destruction. This is the cause of jaundice in infants as they convert fetal hemoglobin into adult hemoglobin.
Bile contains all of the following components except ________________.
Question 6 Explanation:
Conjugated bilirubin within the bile can enter the intestine where it is converted by bacteria into another pigment called urobilinogen, which is excreted from the body via the kidneys.
Which of the following is a brush border enzyme?
The brain region that contains the hunger center is the ______.
In the small intestine, lipids are absorbed ______________.
into the lacteals
into the intestinal crypts
by the actions of enterokinase
by goblet cells
Question 9 Explanation:
Absorbed monosaccharides and amino acids enter the blood capillaries whereas absorbed fat enters the lacteals.
The most important function of the stomach, and perhaps the only function that appears to be essential for life is the ______________.
digestion of carbohydrates
digestion of proteins
absorption of monosaccharides
secretion of intrinsic factor
Question 10 Explanation:
Intrinsic factor is needed for the absorption of vitamin B12, which is needed for maturation of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
More __________ is absorbed by the duodenum and the jejunum than by the ileum.
Question 11 Explanation:
The duodenum and jejunum absorb carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, Ca++, and Fe whereas bile salts, vitamin B12, water, and electrolytes are primarily absorbed in the ileum.
Which of the following is the part of the gastrointestinal system, but not the gastrointestinal tract?
Question 12 Explanation:
The GI tract consists of a singular tube consisting of the following organs: oral (buccal) cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. The salivary glands are accessory organs of the digestive system.
The hydrochloric acid secreted by the parietal cells of the stomach will do all of the following except _____________.
kill microbial organisms
catalyze the hydrolysis of peptide bonds
denature dietary proteins
stimulate the activation of pepsin
Question 13 Explanation:
Pepsin is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
The polymers of food are broken down into their constituent monomers by ____________ reactions in the digestive tract.
Mucus is secreted throughout much of the GI tract by _____________.
Question 15 Explanation:
G cells secrete the hormone gastrin, enterochromaffin-like cells secrete histamine and seratonin, and parietal cells secrete HCl.
The main hormone that stimulates hunger is _____.
Regurgitation of stomach contents is normally prevented by the actions of the _________.
lower esophageal sphincter
Question 17 Explanation:
Regurgitation would occur because the pressure in the abdominal cavity is greater than the pressure in the thoracic cavity due to respiratory movements. The lower esophageal sphincter must therefore, remain closed until food is through it by peristalsis into the stomach.
The process of ________ allows the liver to produce glucose form amino acids when there is adequate glucose in the diet.
Question 18 Explanation:
Glycogenesis is the formation of glycogen from glucose, glycogenolysis is the breakdown of glycogen into glucose subunits, and lipogensis is the formation of triglycerides from glucose.
The absorptive surface area of the small intestine is increased by all of the following except _____________.
crypts of Lieberkhn
Question 19 Explanation:
The crypts of Lieberkhn are intestinal crypts where new intestinal epithelial cells are produced by mitosis.
Which of the following is not a function of the liver?
digestive enzyme production
synthesis of plasma proteins
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 20 questions to complete.
You have completed
Your score is
You have not finished your quiz. If you leave this page, your progress will be lost.
Final Score on Quiz
Attempted Questions Correct
Attempted Questions Wrong
Questions Not Attempted
Total Questions on Quiz
Answer Choice(s) Selected
Need more practice!